Best travel time regarding the climate zones
As the name suggests, Ecuador is located directly at the equator which is why the climate is stabile the whole year around and there are no major temperature fluctuations.
Even more surprising are the fluctuations within the country itself: Three different regions divide Ecuador in coast (Costa), highland (Sierra) and rainforest (Oriente). Not to forget the Galapagos Islands that are a part of Ecuador as well.
Best travel time: The whole year around
Coastal Region (Costa)
The monsoon climate of the coastal region has an average climate of 25°C. It is at its warmest from January to May and during midday, the sun is positioned vertically on the sky. From June to September, the air is a little cooler. This time of the year is perfect to watch humpback whales.
The official rainy season is from December to May but in fact, it is rainy the whole year around in the rain forest (1‘000 to 2‘000 mm of rainfall). “Dry seasons” are therefore nonexistent but there are times with “less rainfall”.
- Best travel time: May to December
Source climate graphic: www.beste-reisezeit.org
The Andes (Sierra)
The humid climate in the mountains is much cooler than the rest of the country. Depending on the altitude, temperatures are between 0°-18°C. It is not uncommon to live through all four seasons in a single day. Between June and September, it is mostly dry and warm with a clear sky.
Rainfall depends on the locations (2‘000 to 4‘000 mm per year).
The high mountain regions have an alpine tundra climate with 4°-8°C.
- Best travel time: June to September
Oriente is the most humid region of Ecuador with tropical 25°C. In this part of the country, it never gets cold.
Between April and May, there is the most rainfall (3‘000 to 6‘000 mm per year). The driest months are August, as well as December to March. During this time, dwindling lagoons and impassable waterways are part of everyday life.
- Best travel time: September to December
December to March are tropically warm at 27°C with possible rainfall. From June to December, it gets colder and temperatures drop to 15°-25°C.
From July to October, the sea is rough and too cold for bathing. Diving and snorkelling are done with a wetsuit during this time. High season for divers is from June to September when the nutritious Humboldt current attracts several marine animals and ensures a fantastic biodiversity.
- Best travel time for bathing: January to June
- Best travel time for diving: June to September